disturb

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
v. t. worry, agitate, disquiet, trouble; disarrange, confuse; interrupt, unsettle. See agitation, disorder. Ant., calm, soothe.
II
(Roget's IV) v.
1. [To upset physical relationship]
Syn. disorder, displace, disrupt; see confuse .
2. [To upset mental calm]
Syn. trouble, worry, upset, agitate, discompose, perturb, bother, interrupt, intrude upon, inconvenience, discommode, startle, shake, give one a turn, unnerve, unsettle, disconcert, perplex, rattle, alarm, excite, arouse, affright, affect one's mind, badger, plague, vex, outrage, grieve, depress, distress, dishearten, irk, ail, provoke, afflict, irritate, pain, make uneasy, concern, disquiet, harass, exasperate, pique, gall, displease, fluster, ruffle, shake up*, throw*, put out*, flip out*, freak out*; see also bother 2 , 3 , confuse .
Ant. quiet*, calm, soothe.
Syn.- disturb implies the unsettling of normal mental calm or powers of concentration as by worry, interruption, or interference [ to disturb one's train of thought ] ; discompose implies the upsetting of one's self-possession [ her sudden outburst discomposed him ] ; to perturb is to cause to have a troubled or alarmed feeling [ the bad news perturbed him ] ; agitate suggests the arousal of intense mental or emotional excitement [ he was so agitated , he could not answer ]
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) v.
1. bother trouble, disquiet, disrupt, distress, ruffle, interrupt, annoy, plague, irritate, discommode, perturb, *hassle, *bug, intrude upon.
2. disarrange disorder, disorganize, jumble, mix up, upset, unsettle.
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) verb 1. To alter the settled state or position of: dislocate, displace, move, shake, shift. See MOVE. 2. To impair or destroy the composure of: agitate, bother, discompose, disquiet, distract, flurry, fluster, perturb, rock, ruffle, shake (up), toss, unsettle, upset. Informal: rattle. See CALM. 3. To trouble the nerves or peace of mind of, especially by repeated vexations: aggravate, annoy, bother, bug, chafe, exasperate, fret, gall2, get, irk, irritate, nettle, peeve, provoke, put out, rile, ruffle, vex. Idioms: get in one's hair, get on one's nerves, get under one's skin. See FEELINGS, PAIN. 4. To break up the order or progress of: disrupt, upset. See ORDER. 5. To put out of proper order: derange, disarrange, disarray, disorder, disorganize, disrupt, jumble, mess up, mix up, muddle, tumble, unsettle, upset. See ORDER.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • Disturb — Dis*turb , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Disturbed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Disturbing}.] [OE. desturben, destourben, OF. destorber, desturber, destourber, fr. L. disturbare, disturbatum; dis + turbare to disturb, trouble, turba disorder, tumult, crowd. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • disturb — [di stʉrb′] vt. [ME distourben < OFr distourber < L disturbare, to drive asunder < dis , intens. + turbare, to disorder < turba, a crowd, mob: see TURBID] 1. to break up the quiet or serenity of; agitate (what is quiet or still) 2. to …   English World dictionary

  • disturb — dis·turb vt 1: to destroy the tranquillity or composure of 2: to throw into disorder vi: to cause disturbance disturb the peace: to cause a disturbance Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • disturb — c.1300, to stop or hinder, from O.Fr. destorber (O.N.Fr. distourber) and directly from L. disturbare throw into disorder, from dis completely (see DIS (Cf. dis )) + turbare to disorder, disturb, from turba turmoil (see TURBID (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • disturb — [v1] bother, upset afflict, agitate, ail, alarm, amaze, annoy, arouse, astound, badger, burn up*, complicate, confound, confuse, depress, discompose, dishearten, disrupt, distract, distress, excite, fluster, frighten, gall, grieve, harass,… …   New thesaurus

  • disturb — ► VERB 1) interfere with the normal arrangement or functioning of. 2) interrupt the sleep, relaxation, or privacy of. 3) make anxious. DERIVATIVES disturbing adjective. ORIGIN Latin disturbare, from turbare disturb …   English terms dictionary

  • Disturb — Dis*turb , n. Disturbance. [Obs.] Milton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • disturb — 1 unsettle, derange, *disorder, disarrange, disorganize Analogous words: displace, *replace: shift, remove, *move: *arrest, interrupt, check: *meddle, intermeddle, interfere, tamper Contrasted words: settle, * …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • disturb — dis|turb [dıˈstə:b US ə:rb] v [T] ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(interrupt)¦ 2¦(worry)¦ 3¦(move)¦ 4¦(change)¦ 5 disturb the peace ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ [Date: 1100 1200; : Old French; Origin: destourber, from Latin turbare to put into disorder ] 1.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • disturb */*/ — UK [dɪˈstɜː(r)b] / US [dɪˈstɜrb] verb [transitive] Word forms disturb : present tense I/you/we/they disturb he/she/it disturbs present participle disturbing past tense disturbed past participle disturbed 1) to interrupt someone and stop them from …   English dictionary

  • disturb — [[t]dɪstɜ͟ː(r)b[/t]] disturbs, disturbing, disturbed 1) VERB If you disturb someone, you interrupt what they are doing and upset them. [V n] Did you sleep well? I didn t want to disturb you. You looked so peaceful... [V n] Find a quiet, warm,… …   English dictionary

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